Tonight at the IISNA QA session, the question of the permissibility of dyeing one’s hair black came up.
A few sisters (May Allah protect and preserve them) were still unclear about the ruling and also asked about dying one’s hair in general.
As muslim women we like to beautify ourselves in permissible ways, so insha Allah I will share with you what people of knowledge have to say regarding this topic:
1- On the topic of dying one’s hair in general:
Praise be to Allaah and blessings and peace be upon His Messenger and his family and companions. There is nothing wrong with changing the hair colour to anything except black, or using something to straighten curly hair, and the ruling is the same for old men and young men, so long as harmful substances are avoided and the material used is pure and permissible. But changing the hair to pure black is not permitted, for men or for women, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Change this grey hair, but avoid black.” And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions
We should also note the general principle with regard to matters of adornment and beautification, which is that it is not allowed to do anything that involves forbidden kinds of imitation, such as imitation of the kuffaar or of immoral people, which is haraam because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4031; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
Hence before ruling that a particular kind of dye that is asked about is permissible, we must make sure that it is not an imitation of the kuffaar or immoral people, or one of the singers or actors whom young people regard as examples to be followed.
It is also not allowed to dye the hair in a manner that is regarded as effeminate or an imitation of women, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade such imitation and cursed those who do it. (Al-Bukhaari, 5435).
2- On the topic of dying one’s hair black:
Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah reported that Abu Quhaafah was brought on the day of the conquest of Makkah, and his head and beard were white like “thaghaamah” (a plant whose flowers and fruit are white). The Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said: “Change this with something, but avoid black.” (Reported by Muslim, no. 3962).
Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said: ‘At the end of time there will be people who will dye their hair black like the crops of pigeons. They will never even smell the fragrance of Paradise.” (reported by Imam Ahmad, see also Saheeh al-Jaami‘, no. 8153).
It was also reported from the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) that one should change grey hair, using any colour except black. Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said: “The best things with which to change grey hair are henna and ‘katam’ (a plant similar to henna which is used as a dye).” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 1675; he said: This is a saheeh hasan hadith).
Dyeing hair with pure black dye is haram because the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said: “Avoid black,” and because of the threat of punishment reported with regard to this matter. This ruling applies to both men and women.
But if the black dye is mixed with another colour, so that it is no longer black, there is nothing wrong with it.See Fatawa Islamiyyah, 4/424, and Fatawa al-mar’ah al-Muslimah, 2/520.
Please remember me in your sincere dua’